Pratique des Animaux Sauvage et Exotiques



Cas cliniques

Trois cas d’exophtalmie atypique chez le Lapin (Christophe Bulliot)

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2.Böhmer E. Dentistry in rabbits and rodents. Chichester, West Sussex, UK, éd. Wiley Blackwell. 2015:288p.
3.Capello V, Gracis M, Lennox AM. Rabbit and Rodent Dentistry Handbook. Lake Worth, Florida, USA, éd. Zoological Education Network. 2005:274p.
4.Capello V, Lennox A. Small mammal dentistry. In: Ferrets, rabbits and rodents, clinical medicine and surgery. St Louis, Missouri, USA, éd. Saunders. 2012:p452-471.
5.Gardhouse S, Sanchez-Migallon Guzman D et coll. Bacterial isolates and antimicrobial susceptibilities from odontogenic abscesses in rabbits: 48 cases. Vet Rec. 2017, 1-7.
6.Harcourt Brown F, Chitty J. BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Surgery, Dentistry and Imaging. Gloucester, UK, éd. BSAVA – British Small Animal Veterinary Association. 2013:p395-417.
7.Jelk V, Minarikova A et coll. Microbial flora of facial abscesses in 30 rabbits, a preliminary study. Proceeding 22nd European Congress of Veterinary Dentistry, Lisbon, 2012 : 133-5.
8.Knott T. Ophthalmology. In: BSAVA Rabbit medicine. Gloucester, UK, éd. BSAVA – British Small Animal Veterinary Association. 2014:p232-254.
9.Künzel F, Hittmair KM, Hassan J, Dupré G, Russold E, Guija de Arespachochaga A, Fuchs-Baumgartinger A, Bilek A. Thymomas in rabbits: clinical evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2012;48(2):97-104.
10.Makishima R, Kondo H, Naruke A, Shibuya H. Intraocular extraskeletal osteosarcoma in a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). J Vet Med Sci. 2020,28;82(8):1151-1154.
11.Meredith A, Lord B. BSAVA Rabbit medicine. Gloucester, UK, éd. BSAVA – British Small Animal Veterinary Association. 2014:328p.
12.Oglesbee B. Blackwell’s five-minute veterinary consult: small mammal. Chichester, West Sussex, UK, éd. Wiley-Blackwell. 2011:p394-395.
13.O’Reilly A, McCowan C, Hardman C et coll. Taenia serialis causing exophthalmos in a pet rabbit. Vet Ophthalmol. 2002 Sep;5(3):227-230.
14.Tyrrell KL, Citron DM et coll. Periodontal bacteria in rabbit mandibular and maxillary abscesses. J Clin Microbiol, 2002 ; 40(3) : 1044-7.
15.Wagner F, Beinecke A, Fehr M et coll. Recurrent bilateral exophthalmos associated with metastatic thymic carcinoma in a pet rabbit. J Small Anim Pract. 2005 Aug;46(8):393-7.
16.Van Der Woerdt A. Ophthalmologic Diseases of Small Mammals. In : Quesenberry K, Orcutt C, Mans C, Carpenter J, Ferrets, rabbits and rodents clinical medicine and surgery, 4th ed. Saint Louis, Elsevier, 2021 : 583-94
17.Varga M. Textbook of rabbit medicine. Ossining, USA, éd. BH edition. 2013:p203-248.
18.Volopich S, Gruber A, Hassan J, Hittmair KM, Schwendenwein I, Nell B. Malignant B-cell lymphoma of the Harder’s gland in a rabbit. Vet Ophthalmol. 2005;8(4):259-63.

Diagnostic et traitement chirurgical d’un carcinome thyroïdien chez un Cochon d’Inde (Cavia porcellus) (Florent Modesto)

1. Baryl APC. Use of radioactive iodine in the treatment of hyperthyroidism diagnosed by scintigraphy in guinea pigs. Proc AFVAC. 2013;2013:213–214.
2. Baudin E, Schlumberger M. New therapeutic approaches for metastatic thyroid carcinoma. Lancet Oncol. 2007;8:148–156.
3. Brandao J, Mayer J. Hyperthyroidism and Hyperparathyroidism in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus). Vet Clin N Anim Exoc Pet. 2013;16:407–420.
4. Coleman PM, Babb P, Damiecki P, et al. Cancer survival trends in England and Wales 1971–1995: deprivation and NHS region (Series SMPS No 61). London: HMSO, 1999: 471–78.
5. Colonna M, Grosclaude P, Remontet L, et al. Incidence of thyroid cancer in adults recorded by French cancer registries. Eur J Cancer. 2002; 38: 1762–68.
6. Cooper SD, Doherty GM, Haugen BR, et al. Management Guidelines for Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. Thyroid. 2006; 16(2):109-142
7. Gibbons PM, Garner MM, Kiupel M. Morphological and Immunohistochemical Characterization of Spontaneous Thyroid Gland Neoplasms in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus). Vet Pathol. 2013;50:334–342.
8. Girod-Rüffer C, Müller E, Marschang RE, et al. Retrospective Study on Hyperthyroidism in Guinea Pigs in Veterinary Practices in Germany. J Exo Pet Med. 2019;29:87–97.
9. Hierlmeier B. Tumoröse Veränderungen der Schilddrüse des Meerschweinchens unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Hyperthyreose (Thesis). 2009. Diploma of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna.
10. Künzel F, Hierlmeier B, Christian M, et al. Hyperthyroidism in four guinea pigs: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment. J Small Anim Pract. 2013; 54, 667–671.
11. Künzel F, Mayer J. Endocrine tumours in the guinea pig. Vet J. 2015; 206:268–274.
12. Mayer J, Hunt K, Eshar D, et al. Thyroid scintigraphy in a guinea pig with suspected hyperthyroidism. Exotic DVM. 2009;11:25–29.
13. Mayer J, Wagner R, Taeymans O. Advanced diagnostic approaches and current management of thyroid pathologies in guinea pigs. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2010;13:509–523.
14. Minarikova A, Hauptman K, Jeklova E, et al. Diseases in pet guinea pigs: a retrospective study in 1000 animals. Vet Rec 2015;177:200–200.
15. Muller K, Muller E, Klein R, et al. Serum thyroxine concentrations in clinically healthy pet guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Vet Clin Pathol. 2009;38:507–10.
16. Pacini F, Schlumberger M, Dralle H, et al. European consensus for the management of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma of the follicular epithelium. Eur J Endocrinol. 2006;154:787–803.
17. Pignon C, Mayer J. Chapter 21: Guinea pigs. In : Queseberry K.E. Ferrets, Rabbits and Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery, 4ed. St Louis, Missouri. 2020:270-297.
18. Pignon C, Mayer J. Hyperthyroidism in a guinea pig (Cavia porcellus). Pratique Médicale et Chirurgicale de l’Animal de Compagnie. 2013 ;48, 15–20.
19. Sherma SI. Thyroid carcinoma. Lancet. 2003;361:501–511.
20. Thorson L. Thyroid Diseases in Rodent Species. Vet Clin N Anim Exoc Pet. 2014;17:51–67.
21. Vini L, Harmer C. Management of thyroid cancer. Lancet Oncol. 2002;3:407–414.

Epulis fibromateux ossifié chez un Chat Marsupial stabilisé par phytothérapie. (Dylan Duby, Norin Chai & Aude Bourgeois)

1. Colgin A., L.M., Schulman, F.Y., Dubielzig, R.R., 2001. Multiple Epulides in 13 Cats. Vet. Pathol. 38, 227–229.
2. AnAge : Eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus) longevity, ageing, and life history. (accessed 2.21.21).
3. Attwood, H.D., Woolley, P.A., 1973. Spontaneous malignant neoplasms in dasyurid marsupials. J. Comp. Pathol. 83, 569–581.
4. Blostin, R., Boussarie, D., Christen, O., 2017. Le Viscum album en médecine vétérinaire, Editions Médicales Anthroposophiques.
5. Büssing, A., Schietzel, M., 1999. Apoptosis-inducing properties of Viscum album L. extracts from different host trees, correlate with their content of toxic mistletoe lectins. Anticancer Res. 19, 23–28.
6. Canfield, P.J., Hartley, W.J., Reddacliff, G.L., 1990. Spontaneous proliferations in Australian marsupials—a survey and review. 2. Dasyurids and bandicoots. J. Comp. Pathol. 103, 147–158.
7. De Carvalho, A.C., Bonamin, L.V., 2015. Viscum album (L) extracts in cancer treatment: a systematic review of in vitro and in vivo studies. Int. J. High Dilution Resarch 14, 52–52.
8. Fancourt, B.A., Nicol, S.C., Hawkins, C.E., Jones, M.E., Johnson, C.N., 2014. Beyond the disease: Is Toxoplasma gondii infection causing population declines in the eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus)? Int. J. Parasitol. Parasites Wildl. 3, 102–112.
9. Fiani, N., Verstraete, F.J.M., Kass, P.H., Cox, D.P., 2011. Clinicopathologic characterization of odontogenic tumors and focal fibrous hyperplasia in dogs: 152 cases (1995–2005). J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 238, 495–500.
10. Godsell, J., 1983. Ecology of the eastern quoll dasyurus viverrinus, (Dasyrudae: Marsupialia).
11. Gueguen, J.-H., 1985. Le gui et le cancer, ADAB. ed.
12.Kelly, J.M., Belding, B.A., Schaefer, A.K., 2010. Acanthomatous ameloblastoma in dogs treated with intralesional bleomycin. Vet. Comp. Oncol. 8, 81–86.
13. Kienle, G.S., Grugel, R., Kiene, H., 2011. Safety of higher dosages of Viscum album L. in animals and humans – systematic review of immune changes and safety parameters. BMC Complement. Altern. Med. 11, 72.
14. Kienle, G.S., Kiene, H., 2010. Review Article: Influence of Viscum album L (European Mistletoe) Extracts on Quality of Life in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review of Controlled Clinical Studies. Integr. Cancer Ther. 9, 142–157.
15. Kim, M.-S., Xie, H., Bannai, Y., 2008. Application of Acupuncture and Chinese Herbal Medicine for the Treatment of Acanthomatous Epulis in a Dog. J. Vet. Clin. 25, 27–30.
16. Klocke, P., Biegel, U., Clottu, O., Ramos, M., Gerber, V., Ruess-Melzer, K., 2008. Using Viscum album extracts (ISCADOR) for successful management of neoplasms of the skin in horses and cats in consideration of aspects relevant to human medicine. Eur. J. Integr. Med. 1, 6.
17. Maiti SK, Bindhuja BV, Mohan D, et al. Evaluation of cryotherapy in the management of epulis in dogs. MOJ Biol Med. 2018;3(4):180–184. DOI: 10.15406/mojbm.2018.03.00095
18. Mayer, M.N., Anthony, J.M., 2007. Radiation therapy for oral tumors: Canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma. Can. Vet. J. 48, 99–101.
19. Nazaruk, J., Orlikowski, P., 2016. Phytochemical profile and therapeutic potential of Viscum album L. Nat. Prod. Res. 30, 373–385.
20. Yoshida, K., Watarai, Y., Sakai, Y., Yanai, T., Masegi, T., Iwasaki, T., 1998. The effect of intralesional bleomycin on canine acanthomatous epulis. J. Am. Anim. Hosp. Assoc. 34, 457–461.

Paralysie à tique sur un Kéa (Norin Chai, Anaïs Sailler, Dylan Duby, Pierre Huberdeau & Aude Bourgeois)

1. Drehmann M, Chitimia-Dobler L, Lindau A et al, 2019. Ixodes frontalis : a neglected but ubiquitous tick species in Germany. Experimental and Applied Acarology 78, 79-91
2. Hulbert K, 2000. Tick-related mortality in birds. BSc thesis, Southampton University, UK
3. Mans BJ, Gothe R et Neitz AWH, 2004. Biochemical perspectives on paralysis and other forms of toxicoses caused by ticks. Parasitology 129, 95-111
4. Monks D, Fisher M, Forbes NA, 2006. Ixodes frontalisand avian tick-related syndrome in the United Kingdom. Journal of small Animal Practice 47, 451-455
5. Porcher A, 2011. Le syndrome de mortalité des oiseaux lié aux tiques. DVM thesis, ENVA, France
6. Sailler A, Prieto M, Risi E, Huynh M, Chai N. 2020. Tick bites and avian tick-related syndrome in eleven captive birds. Proceedings of the E- International Conference on Diseases of Zoo and Wild Animals. EAZWV

Pododermatite sur une Poule (Marie Monchaux, Jessie Vandenbruggen, Christophe Rodrigues et Didier Marlier)

1. CHITTY, J. 2019. Disorders of the integument. In: Poland, G. Raftery, A. (eds) BSAVA Manual of Backyard Poultry Medicine and Surgery. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Quedgeley, England, Pp ; 148-149.
2. MONKS, D. 2019. Neurological and musculoskeletal disorders. In: Poland, G. Raftery, A. (eds) BSAVA Manual of Backyard Poultry Medicine and Surgery. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Quedgeley, England, Pp ; 224-225.
3. DONELEY, B. 2019. Soft tissue surgery. In: Poland, G. Raftery, A. (eds) BSAVA Manual of Backyard Poultry Medicine and Surgery. British Small Animal Veterinary Association, Quedgeley, England, Pp ; 276-278.
4. SCHOEMAKER, N. J., VAN ZEALAND, Y. R. 2016. Pododermatitis in Birds and Small Animals 8th World Congress of Veterinary Dermatology.
5. HELMER, P., REDIG, P.T. 2006. Surgical resolution of orthopedic disorders. In: Lightfoot, T., Harrison, G.J. (eds.) Clinical avian medicine.2 vols. Spix Publishing Inc, Palm Beach, Florida, US, Pp ; 771-772.
6. SAIMOUR, J. 2006. Management of raptors. In: Lightfoot, T., Harrison, G.J. (eds.) Clinical avian medicine. 2 vols. Spix Publishing Inc, Palm Beach, Florida, U S; Pp; 923–924.
7. REMPLE, J.D. 2006. A multifaceted approach to the treatment of bumblefoot in raptors. J Exot Pet Med 2006; 15: 49–55.


Transfusion sanguine en médecine zoologique (Thierry Petit)

1.Anderson, K.M., Wolf K.N., 2014.- Iron deficiency anemia in a ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) with concurrent chronic renal failure. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 15:244(4):471-5.
2. Beland K., Vergneau-Grosset C., LAIR S., BLAIS M.C., 2018.- Xenotransfusion management in an arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) diagnosed with an immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. Presented at the 2018 Joint EAZWV/AAZV/Leibniz-IZW Conference, Prague.
3. Blanc B., 2016.- Transfusion sanguine sur deux ruminants exotiques: une daine de Mésopotamie (Dama mesopotamica) et un bouquetin de Nubie (Capra nubiana). Réunion Consultable sur le site de l’AFVPZ.
4. Buck R.K., Stegmann G.F., Poore L.A., Shaik T., Gray T., Zeiler G.E., 2018.- Xenotransfusion with packed bovine red blood cells to a wildebeest calf (Connochaetes taurinus). Journal of the South African Veterinary Association. 89(1):1-6
5. Debenham J.J., Atencia R., 2014.- Homologous whole blood transfusion during treatment of severe anemia in a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 45:654–657.
6. Deem S.L., Heard D.J., Clippinger T.L., Buergelt C.D., 1999.- Cranial edema associated with a protein-losing nephropathy in a golden-mantled flying fox (Pteropus pumilus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 30(1):126-31.
7. Delaune M.C., Dermott A.J., Field C.L., Clauss T.M., 2017.- Whole blood transfusions to treat severe anemia in seven cownose rays (Rhinoptera bonasus) and one short-tail stingray (Dasyatis brevicaudata). J Zoo Wildl Med. 48: 1172–1180.
8. Gentz E.J., Harrenstien L.A., Baier J., Carpenter J.W., 1995.- Hemolytic anemia in a Pronhorn (Antilocapra americana). Joint conference AAZV/WDA/AAWV.
9. Gomes P.D., Tessari H.C., Herter J.V., Filho P.C., Garcia L.V., Hirano L.Q., 2020.- Blood transfusion in a young Myrmecophaga tridactyla: case report. Acta Veterinaria Brasilica. 14: 54-60.
10. Guthrie A., Rooker L., Tan R., Gerhold R., Trainor K., Jiang T., Su C., 2017.- Newly described toxoplasma gondii strain causes high mortality in red necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) in a zoo. J Zoo Wildl Med. 48(3): 694-702.
11. Hahn A., Sturgeon G., Rossi J., 2017.- Blood products transfusions in great apes: a retrospective review of 12 cases. J Zoo Wildl Med. 48: 461–465.
12. Hydock K.L., De Clementi C., Fish P.H., 2017.- Second generation Anticoagulant Rodenticide Poisoning in a Captive Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus). Journal of Avian Medecine and Surgery. 31(3): 256-261.
13. James S.B., Raphael B.L., Cook R.A., 1998.- Brodifacoum toxicity and treatment in a white-winged wood duck (Cairina scutulata). J Zoo Wildl Med. 29(3): 324-7.
14. Jayson S., Masters N., Strike T., Rendle M., Sparrow S., Peters L.M., Bates N., 2020.- Successful management of Heinz body hemolytic anemia associated with leek (Allium ampeloprasum) ingestion in a South American coati (Nasua nasua). J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 30(1):86-91.
15. Johnston M.S., Son T.T., Rosenthal K.L., 2007.- Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia in an eclectus parrot. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1;230(7):1028-31.
16. Knauf S., Blad-Stahl J., Lawrenz A., Schuerer U., Wehrend A., 2009.- Plasma Preparation and Storage for African Elephants (Loxodonta africana). J Zoo Wildl Med. 40: 71–75.
17. Laidebeure S., Bourgeois A., Lecu A., Kohl M., Chai N., 2010.- La transfusion chez les Bovidés: application pratique en zoo. Réunion AFVPZ. Consultable sur le site de l’AFVPZ.
18. Lamb S., Reavill D., Wojcieszyn J., Sitinas N., 2014.- Osteosarcoma of the tibiotarsus with possible pulmonary metastasis in a ring-necked dove (Streptopelia risoria). J Avian Med Surg. 28(1):50-6.
19. Linhua D., Rongping W., Hemin Z., Chengdong W., Chunxiang T., Yan H., Honglin W., Yingmin Z., Caiwu L., Weidong Z., Desheng L., 2015.- Transfusion therapy for anemia in giant pandas. Chinese Journal of Veterinary Science. 35(7) : 1168-1171.
20. Love D., Madrigal R., Cerveny S., Raines J., Rideout B., Lung N.P., 2017.- Case series: clinical salmonellosis in four black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) calves. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 48: 466–475.
21. Louis M.M., Cerreta A.J., Griffioen J.A., Mehalick M.L., Lewbart G.A., Petritz O.A., 2020.- Homologous whole blood transfusion for treatment of severe anemia in five Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina). Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine. 35 : 27-33.
22. Martony M.E., Krause K.J., Weldy S.H., Simpson S.A., 2016.- Xenotransfusion in an island fox (Urocyon littoralis clementae) using blood from a domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). J Zoo Wildl Med. 47: 923–926.
23. Mccracken H., Hyatt A.D., Slocombe R.F., 1994Two cases of anemia in reptiles treated with blood transfusions : (1) hemolytic anemia in a diamond python caused by an erythrocitic virus; (2) nutritional anemia in a bearded dragon. AAZV Proceedings. 47-51.
24. Murray M., Tseng F., 2008.- Diagnosis and Treatment of Secondary Anticoagulant Rodenticide Toxicosis in a red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis). Journal of Avian Medecine and Surgery. 22(1) : 41-46.
25. Murray J., 2011.- Whole blood transfusion in a duck to correct anemia due to acorn toxicosis. Veterinary Technician. 32(4).
26. Nance M., 2007. Forum ISIS zoo vet. Relayé sur le site de l’AFVPZ.
27. Phair K.A., Carpenter J.W., Smee N., Myers C.B., Pohlman L.M., 2012.- Severe anemia caused by babesiosis in a maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). J Zoo Wildl Med. 43: 162–167.
28. Pillay K, communication personnelle
29. Portas T.J., Montali R.J., 2007.- Spotted black snake (Pseudechis guttatus) envenomation in a maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 38(3) : 483-487.
30. Radcliffe R.W., Paglia D.E., Couto C.G., 2000. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a juvenile southern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor). J Zoo Wildl Med. 31(1):71-6.
31. Raines J.A., Storms T., 2015.- A successful transfusion in a tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla) using both whole blood and blood replacement products. J Zoo Wildl Med. 46: 161–163.
32. Singleton C.L., Oosterhuis J.E., Seibold K., Lamberski N., 2009.- Successful treatment of a southern Pacific rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis helleri) bite in a caracal (Caracal caracal). J Zoo Wildl Med. 40: 378–381.
33. Trunet E., 2010.- Suspicion d’hémophilie chez un saïmiri (Saïmiri sciureus). Réunion AFVPZ. Consultable sur le site de l’AFVPZ.
34. Wasserkrug Naor , Lindemann D.M., Schreeg M.E., Marr H.S., Birkenheuer A.J., Carpenter J.W., Ryseff J.K., 2019.- Clinical, morphological, and molecular characterization of an undetermined Babesia species in a maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus). Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 10(1):124-126.
35. Weber M.A., Junge R.E., 2001.- Hypophosphatemia associated with hypovitaminosis-D in Speke’s gazelles (Gazella spekei). J Zoo Wildl Med. 32(3):379-83.
36. Wissink-Argilaga N., Dastjerdi A., Molenaar F.M., 2019.- Using in-house hematology to direct decision-making in the successful treatment and monitoring of a clinical and subsequently subclinical case of elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 1B. J Zoo Wildl Med. 13;50(2):498-502.

Prise de sang chez les Reptiles (Norin Chai)

1. Martinez-Jimenez D., SJ Hernandez-Divers, TM Floyd, et al.: Comparison of the effect of dipotassium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and lithium heparin on hematologic values in yellow-blotched map turtles (Graptemys flavimaculata ). J Herp Med Surg. 17:36-41 2007
2. Harr KE, RE Raskin, DJ Heard: Temporal effects of 3 commonly used anticoagulants on hematologic and biochemical variables in blood samples from macaws and Burmese pythons. Vet Clin Pathol. 34:383-388 2005 16270264
3. Hanley CS, SJ Hernandez-Divers, S Bush, et al.: Comparison of the effect of dipotassium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and lithium heparin on hematologic values in the green iguana (Iguana iguana ). J Zoo Wildl Med. 35:328-332 2004 15526887
4. Muro J, R Cuenca, J Pastor, et al.: Effects of lithium heparin and tripotassium EDTA on hematologic values of hermanns tortoises (Testudo hermanni ). J Zoo Wildl Med. 29:40-44 1998 9638624

Chirurgies urinaires chez le Cobaye (Claire Bahuet et Charly Pignon)

1.Peng, X., Griffith, J. W. & Lang, C. M. Cystitis, urolithiasis and cystic calculi in aging guinea pigs. Laboratory Animals 24, 159–163 (1990).
2. Hawkins MG and Bishop CR (2012). Disease problems of guinea pigs. In Quesenberry KE and Carpenter JW (eds), Ferrets, Rabbits And Rodents Clinical Medicine and Surgery (3rd edn), Elsevier Saunders, Missouri: 295-310
3. Okewole PA, Odeyemi PS, Oladunmade MA et al (1991). An outbreak of Streptococcus pyogenes infection associated with calcium oxalate urolithiasis in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus), Lab Anim 25(2): 184-186.
4. Hawkins MG, Ruby AL, Drazenovich TL et al (2009). Composition and characteristics of urinary calculi from guinea pigs, J Am Vet Med Assoc 234(2): 214-220.
5. Stieger SM, Wenker C, Ziegler-Gohm D et al (2003). Ureterolithiasis and papilloma formation in the ureter of a guinea pig, Vet Radiol Ultrasound 44(3): 326-329.
6. Bennet RA (2012). Soft tissue surgery — guinea pigs, chinchillas, and degus. In Carpenter JW and Quesenberry KE (eds), Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents: Clinical Medicine and Surgery (3rd edn), Elsevier Saunders, Missouri: 326-338.
7. Brown C and Mans C (2007). Urethral catheterization of the male guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), Lab Anim (NY) 36(7): 20-21.
8. Stuppy DE, Douglass PR and Douglass PJ (1979). Urolithiasis and cystotomy in a guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), Vet Med Small Anim Clin 74(4): 565-567.
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10. Eshar D, Lee-Chow B and Chalmers HJ (2013). Ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade hydropropulsion to relieve ureteral obstruction in a pet guinea pig (Cavia porcellus), Can Vet J 54(12): 1,142-1,150.
11. Popesko P, Rajtovà V, Horàk J (2002). A colour atlas of small laboratory animals. Volume 1 : Rabbit – Guinea Pig, London : Wolfe Pub. Ltd :208-210.

Conservation / Faune sauvage locale

Un point sur les oiseaux plombés (Oumayma El Attar)

1. AGENCE EUROPEENNE DES PRODUITS CHIMIQUES, 12/09/2018. Rapport d’enquête.
2. BANA G., 2004, Impact écologique de l’utilisation de la grenaille de plomb sur les habitats terrestres et sur l’accumulation de plomb chez les oiseaux non aquatiques. Convention relative à la conservation de la vie sauvage et du milieu naturel de l’Europe, 24ème réunion, 22 p.

3. BESOMBES, 2006. Saturnisme des Anatidés et passage aux munitions non toxiques : incidence de la grenaille d’acier sur la qualité de la viande de gibier.
4. CAZALS C., 2019, Travaux au Centre de Soins de l’ENVT
5. DONELEY, 2010, Avian Medicine and Surgery in Practice
6. DOUGLAS, Main, 2019. États-Unis : sauvetage miraculeux d’un aigle royal empoisonné au plomb. National Geographic. 2019. [Consulté le 15 novembre 2020]. Disponible à l’adresse :

7. DURANEL A., 1999. Effets de l’ingestion de plombs de chasse sur le comportement alimentaire et la condition corporelle du canard colvert (Anas platyrhynchos). Médecine vétérinaire et santé animale. Ecole nationale vétérinaire de Nantes.
8. LPO PACA, 2018, Communiqués
9. PAIN D.J., 1996. Lead in waterfowl. In : Beyer W.N., Heinz G.H., Redmond-Norwood A.W. Environmental contaminants in wildlife : interpreting tissue concentrations. Lewis, Boca Raton, FL, 251-264.

10. ROQUE, 2019. Séminaire LIFE GypConnect.

Revue de presse

(Anaïs Sailler)